Fair-Share Policy Regarding Conference Fees

We price the conference to come close to breaking-even without losing money.  If the conference has extra funds, we use them to add benefits to all delegates.  For this reason, we have no funding to support delegates registration fees or travel.  Delegate needs to obtain these funds on their own. 

Fair-Share Policy Regarding Multiple Paper Submissions

Each paper accepted for the conference needs to be presented.   If a paper has multiple authors, typically it is presented by one of the co-authors who is a (paid) delegate.  If it has only one author, typically the single author presents it.

Each author/delegate is entitled to present one paper with no additional charge.  (Indeed, authors receive a conference registration discount of $50.)  If a paper is co-authored, each co-author also has one “free” paper.  There is a second paper fee in cases, for example, in which one person has two papers and no other co-authors who are paid delegates. 

So far we have not limited the number of submissions, but before you submit more than two papers, we would want to make sure that you understand the above policy.

The reason for the policy is because the registration fee pays for the cost (in money and time) to prepare one paper and provide the resources for presenting it.  For example, without incurring any additional fees four paid delegates could present four different papers in which all four are co-authors.   However if only one of the authors were a paid delegate, we would need to charge extra paper fees for THREE extra papers.  (If this actually happened, we would talk to the author about limiting the number of papers to two to be fair to everyone.)

Authors submit their manuscripts electronically using the submission and review system.

All manuscripts must be the authors' original, unpublished work. The manuscript must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. By submitting a paper, the author(s) assert that they possess the copyright for all the material, that it does not infringe on any copyrighted material, and that upon acceptance and registration, they transfer the copyright of the paper to the Informing Science Institute so we can publish it.

Tips for Organizing a Paper

Commonly papers consist of the following sections: an abstract or executive summary, an introduction, a background or literature review, presentation of the main contribution of this paper, methodology, findings, discussion, limitations, and conclusions


The abstract is a brief (150-200 words), comprehensive summary of the paper. It should provide enough information to give the reader a clear idea of the topics the paper covers, typically including the following: purpose or problem being investigated, design / methodology / approach, findings, practical implications, and contributions of the paper.

Begin the abstract with the most important information and highlight the four or five most important points of the paper. To enable searches in databases, include all the keywords of your research here, as well as in the list of keywords.


The introduction section introduces the research by presenting its context or background and explaining the purpose of this paper. This section often includes the definition of relevant terms, a literature review, any hypotheses, and how this paper differs from other studies or papers on this topic.

Body of the paper

The body of the paper often includes the following

  • Design/methodology/approach
  • Findings/Results
  • Practical implications

Include any limitations of the paper here.


Include how the paper advances research in this area. What is unique about it? End with a statement that sums up the conclusion of the paper.

APA Guidelines for References

Papers need to follow the APA style for formatting references. A summary of these guidelines can be found at  All works cited within the paper must be included in the References list at the end of the paper, and all works in the References list must be cited in the paper.

Format for Original Submission

Submissions must be in Microsoft Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf). Since all submitted manuscripts are subject to blind review (authors don't know the reviewers and reviewers don't know the authors), you must remove any identifying information (name, affiliation, etc.) from the paper prior to submission. Information regarding authors is collected by the system on the manuscript submission form.

If you use Microsoft Word, take off your identifying information from the file properties by clicking: File → Properties and deleting all identifying information.

While there are no strict format guidelines for original submissions, it is helpful to follow the format for accepted papers when preparing your paper for submission. These can be found at .  Since this document is a MS Word template, if you save it to your computer as a template and attach it to your paper (using Tools → Templates and Add-ins) you will have the correct formatting for the paragraphs. If you do not use MS Word, just print the document and follow its instructions.

All papers are to be written in English. While US spelling is preferable, other versions of English are acceptable. If you have questions on English grammar, please consult a source such as There are no regulations on length; however will be exceptional for an article to exceed 20,000 words. The system will not accept submissions larger than 2 Megabytes. If it is larger, reduce the resolution of photos and screen images to 96 dpi.

The submission system will assign an ID number to your paper and you will create a password. You need to remember these as you will need them to upload revisions of your paper.